Calendar Wikia

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Calendar Wikia

Walter J Ziobro
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Cal List

The appearance of the Calendar Wikia has greatly changed, and not for the better IMO What's going on?

Walter Ziobro

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Re: Calendar Wikia

k.palmen@btinternet.com
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Walter and Calendar People


I do not notice any changes in the Calendar Wikia.


Karl


Thursday Delta June 2020




------ Original Message ------
From: "Walter J Ziobro" <[hidden email]>
To: [hidden email]
Sent: Tuesday, 23 Jun, 2020 At 04:56
Subject: Calendar Wikia

This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Cal List

The appearance of the Calendar Wikia has greatly changed, and not for the better IMO What's going on?

Walter Ziobro

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Re: Calendar Wikia

Litmus A Freeman
This email originated from outside ECU.

4/4/13521 UCC


Dear Karl, Walter and Calendar People


Me neither, it looks the same on both my phone and laptop browser


Litmus

-----------------------
Litmus A Freeman
Creator of 'The Free Man Calendar' - the Universal Celestial Calendar (UCC)
www.freemancalendar.com
www.universalcelestialcalendar.com
On 6/25/20 10:00 AM, [hidden email] wrote:
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Walter and Calendar People


I do not notice any changes in the Calendar Wikia.


Karl


Thursday Delta June 2020


------ Original Message ------ From: "Walter J Ziobro" [hidden email] To: [hidden email] Sent: Tuesday, 23 Jun, 2020 At 04:56 Subject: Calendar Wikia
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Cal List

The appearance of the Calendar Wikia has greatly changed, and not for the better IMO What's going on?

Walter Ziobro

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Re: Calendar Wikia

kaldarhan kambar
This email originated from outside ECU.

By Kaldarhan A. Kambar
I am moving forward, into our future,
which has not yet come ...
(literary-scientific essay)
Copyright 2020 © Kaldarhan Aliseituly Kambar
First published June 6, 2020
Introduction
My one old and faithful friend once answered my question regarding the opinion of readers. Why are you interested in people's opinions? There are 7 billion of us on the sinful Earth, and the same number of opinions. If you obey the opinions of people, then soon you will go crazy or in extreme cases stop writing articles. My friend, who lived in this controversial life for more than 70 years, was right in his own way and I was right in his own way. As a result, we no longer raised this topic even once, because we had different opinions regarding different opinions of people and my readers. Today I accidentally stumbled upon three opinions of my readers, to which I wanted to answer. I will start to open them in turn, that is, according to the dates of receipt, while maintaining the style and grammar of the letter:
“Hello Kaldarhan, December 3, 2019
Has it ever occurred to you that the "secrets" you are interested in are fables made up by satan the devil to deceive the majority and the week in mind? I always find it amazing that the short time of period that every human has to live is always wasted in unnecessary activities and chasing of the wind instead of seeking for the the TRUTH. Many people, as it always has been, are living in darkness and in ignorance despite their religious affiliations and beliefs. The truth is always in their sights yet they choose to be led by fear. How sad is that? Here is one fact in your calendar: what will you achieve from now until 2063 or until 2083? Have ever though about that?
Xu Li (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: Xǔ Lī).”
My short answer is: “Hello Xu Li! Between 1950 and 2020, the population of China was 1,438,864,613 people, and the population of Kazakhstan was only 18,757,968 people. [1] The population of such cities as Chongqing (30,484,300) [2], Shanghai (24,281,400) [3] and Beijing (21,542,000) [4] is larger than the population of our country. Of course you can afford to say such “arrogant words” when there are so many people behind you who can “accidentally crush” such a small country like Kazakhstan. To your great surprise, the “secrets of calendars” for me are not fables invented by Satan the Devil, but an amazing legacy of our ancestors who lived on Earth 4-5 thousand years ago just like you and I, as we live now. And besides, I'm looking for the TRUTH of the lost somewhere there in the troubled times, as the modern COVID-19 pandemic is doing with us today. Do not worry, I and you will not live to see 2063 or until 2083, but at that time other "Kaldarkhans" will look for the TRUTH. It has always been this way ...”
“Dear Kaldarhan, January 21, 2020
I enjoy your papers on Academia.edu. I am also a small fish with big ideas. You say "As a sane person, I fully understand what will be humiliation and a general blow to European science if they admit that for more than a hundred years they have codified the Mayan calendar on the basis of a wrong calculation." I also investigate similar inquiry and hopefully will upgrade my account with Academia to share the bulk of my work. Would you recommend Academia.edu for someone like myself to first publish my findings even though I don't have the credentials after my name? Will they or anyone take me seriously? Perhaps I should take a risk and publish mainstream or by myself or ask a college near me to look at my work? I have determined a redirection of BC dates so that 2325 'bc' and 2360 'bc "are older dates than 3113 or 3760. I have reinterpreted the' prophecy of the Palenque Triad 'as derived from passages at Temple 19 on the South Wall. Are you aware of the incorrectness of the interpretation of the inscriptions said to belong to a previous cycle of 5,125 years? I hope so. I would be embarrassed for you if you just went along with the traditionalist maya scholars. Thank you for any feedback and thoughtfulness.
Graham Kent (American from Maine)”
My short answer is: “Dear Graham Kent from Maine. Unfortunately, people are divided into small and large fish, in this I agree with you. But this does not make sense for TRUTH, he does not care that you are European or Asian. If you are confident in your truth, publish your works (Mayan calendar and chronology) without looking at anyone, because absolute power over all things belongs not to people, but to Almighty GOD. Не обижайтесь, но я думаю, что хронология майя в «Мезоамериканском календаре длинного счета» [5] составлена неправильно. I look at the foundation of this building and see the cracks clearly, but European-American science is preoccupied with the wall, roof and decorations of this building. The destruction of this building and the rebuilding require tremendous work and time, which will be greatly inhibited by the COVID-19 pandemic. You do not forget, I am a descendant of nomads who prefers to die than give up defending their truth. I wish you good luck and health, take care of yourself.”
“Dear Kaldarhan, March 13, 2020
MARIE ELOGE NGO LOOG KINGAND left a reason for downloading The Lunar-stellar Calendar "Togys esebi" of the Peoples of Eurasia. As basa'a woman of Cameroon, i create a african thint tank in mathematic.”
My short answer is: “Dear woman (Marie eloge NGO loog kingand) from Cameroon. Thank you so much for being interested in the lunar-stellar Calendar "Togys esebi" of the Peoples of Eurasia. My father Aliceit was grateful to his wife Apazhan, who had her own independent mathematics and helped him a lot in studying the equality of the nomad calendar. I hope that your “tank of African hue in mathematics” is strong, otherwise shells with the uranium core of modern mathematics can penetrate it from afar. Remember to teach it to your children, as my mother did when she taught me how to reinvent mathematics. As a last resort, if not you, then they can succeed. I will always wish you good luck and health, take care of yourself and do not get sick. ”
 
 
 
Mathematics is the main thing that exists, and literature is his constant assistant
Once I asked for help from a friend of mine who was a good mathematician or at least went to university. The task was simple: In the 19-year cycle, there are 235 lunar months, of which 110 consists of 29 days, and 125 consists of 30 days, the total amount is a total of 6940 days:
29 × 110 + 30 × 125 = 3190 + 3625 = 6940 days ÷ 235 months = 29.5319149 days
or 6940 days ÷ 19 years = 365.2631579 days.
I asked a mathematician friend in just 19 lines to show how many there will be 29 and 30 days in each year of the 19 year cycle. For a long time he counted the numbers, created formulas and resorted to many well-known mathematical algorithms, but achieved nothing. Since I needed these calculations, I had to remember and act on the peculiar rules of my mother in mathematics and after 30-40 minutes I found out “how many will be 29 and 30 days in each year of the 76-year cycle”. And besides this, I easily determined the intercalation [6] of the 76-year cycle, that is, how much a year consists of 12-month 354-355 days (regular year) and how many years consists of 13-month 383-384 days (embolismic, leap year).
To balance the 19-year cycle within the 76-year cycle, one of the 4 cycles must contain a total of 6939 days:
29 × 110 + 30 × 125 = 3190 + 3625 = 6940 days ÷ 235 months = 29.5319149 days
or 6940 days ÷ 19 years = 365.2631579 days.
Due to a decrease of 1 day in the 19 year cycle, in this equality intercalation and other rules will change.
6940 × 3 = 20820 + 6939 = 27759 days ÷ 940 months = 29.5308511 days
or 27759 days ÷ 76 years = 365.25 days.
My mate friend was very surprised at how quickly I made these calculations on the intercalation of a 76-year cycle. The secret was that I “hacked” the established traditions and rules of mathematical science and bypassed it. Of course, this was wrong on my part, but there are no rules in war. Here everyone survives as best they can and how they want the winner to receive everything at once on a golden dish.
The mathematical secrets of "intercalation" are completely resolved
Violating the ancient rules of mathematical science, established over a thousand years, over time I learned to turn any astronomical values of the moon, the sun and the planets of the solar system into a stable calendar. Thus, the mathematical secrets of “intercalation” regarding calendars and even astronomy were fully revealed. In order not to seem unreasonable self-taught or even worse a fool, I gave as an example the astronomical and calendar rules for intercalation that I invented in my previous article [7] in the form of 1-8 tables. You can take a look at these unique tables that you will not find anywhere and never.
My knowledge may come in handy when humanity colonizes the Moon, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune and their moons. Even it will be possible to pre-prepare a stable calendar for distant exoplanets from other dimensions. Although it sounds like a fantastic story, but it is quite doable. I’m even a little sorry that I was born ahead of time or in vain tormenting others with my piercing thoughts. Nevertheless, I am moving forward, into our future that has not yet come.
Reason and our thoughts must penetrate into all the secrets of the Universe visible from the Earth. Therefore, unlike many, all the time of my conscious life I did not give rest to the brain. He’s already used to such a load, now the trouble is that he doesn’t let me rest. All the time I developed my thoughts about the calendars of the ancient world and came to an amazing conclusion. It turns out that all the ancient calendars of the world had a dual purpose, like the calendars of the Mayan-Aztecs, [8] nomads of Turkestan, [9] [10] the ancient Romans, [11] the society Essenes [12] (Qumran calendar) [13] and many others calendars that are unknown to science. Calendars of the world will again and again surprise modern science with their sophistication and completely incomprehensible structures. These calendars cannot be correctly decrypted or codified by imposing 365 days on them, which our civilization uses. Ancient and forgotten civilizations had their own logic and vision of the subject, so it will be difficult for us to understand them.
Astronomy and the Mayan calendar are my eternal theme
Again and again, I am amazed at the Mayan astronomical and calendar knowledge. It happens, sometimes I am tormented by vague doubts about whether they really came up with all these calculations themselves. Is it possible for some alien civilization to help Mayan astronomers write all these numbers in tables that came from another galaxy and studied our planet not on Earth, as now, but in open space, where everything is clearly visible. Because at first glance, the meaningless numbers on even miraculously preserved (Dresden, Paris, Madrid and Grolieu) Codex [14] throw such surprises, you sit and think where they got so much knowledge from. Why do not their descendants possess such knowledge?!  
Modern Mayan scholars or researchers still believe that the ancient peoples of Mesoamerica used calendars based on 260 (73-year cycle) days and 365 (52-year cycle) [15] days in their daily lives. However, in those ancient times it would be logical to use cycles in which the number of days is 10 times less than modern indicators: 260 days × 7 years = 1820 days ÷ 5 years = 364 days. [16]
However, my personal research from 1985 to 2020 shows or proves that the Mesoamerican peoples used three types of calendars (260 day, 273 day и 364 day) based on an 819-day calendar:
1) 819 days × 4 years = 3276 days ÷ 9 years = 364 days;
2) 819 days × 4 years = 3276 days ÷ 12 years = 273 days;
3) 819 days × 20 years = 16380 days ÷ 45 years = 364 days;
4) 819 days × 20 years = 16380 days ÷ 60 years = 273 days;
5) 819 days × 20 years = 16380 days ÷ 63 years = 260 days;
6) 819 days × 260 years = 212940 days ÷ 585 years = 364 days;
7) 819 days × 260 years = 212940 days ÷ 780 years = 273 days. 
To be honest, I don’t even know how past and modern Mayan researchers studied an 819-day account or calendar when it was not at all difficult to calculate such a simple equality:
273 days × 3 years = 819 days ÷ 30 sidereal month = 27.3 days .
“819-DAY COUNT – KʼAWILL: Some Mayan monuments include glyphs that record an 819-day count in their Initial Series. These can also be found in the Dresden codex. [17] This is described in Thompson. [18] More examples of this can be found in Kelley. [19] Each group of 819 days was associated with one of four colors and the cardinal direction with which it was associated – black corresponded to west, red to east, white to north and yellow to south. The 819-day count can be described several ways: Most of these are referred to using a "Y" glyph and a number. Many also have a glyph for Kʼawill – the god with a smoking mirror in his head. Kʼawill has been suggested as having a link to Jupiter. [20] In the Dresden codex almanac 59 there are Chaacs of the four colors. The accompanying texts begin with a directional glyph and a verb for 819-day-count phrases. Anderson [21] provides a detailed description of the 819-day count.” [22]
As can be seen from the above equality, in the ancient calendars of Mesoamerica and Maya there is not even the slightest hint of the notorious 365 days and the planet Jupiter, as modern Mayalogy claims. As we see from equality 6 and 7 above, in the 819-day count (Kʼawill) account instead of Jupiter, this calendar approximately corresponds to the synodic period of Venus – 585 days (actual 583.9 days) and Mars – 780 days (actual 779.9 days). [23]
A reasonable question arises: Why did Mayan astronomers choose 260 days for a short year?
Firstly, in my opinion, this is due to the eclipses of the moon and the sun. Probably, they really liked to live in the rhythm of a mysterious and incomprehensible eclipse of the Moon and the Sun, moreover, no one pointed and forbade it to them (then there was no UN, USA and Europe). Modern science should also be interested in how the 26-day month or 260-day year interacts with the eclipses of the Moon and the Sun. To facilitate their task, I will give two equalities on this topic:
1) 260 × 4 = 1040 days ÷ 3 years = 346.66667 days (draconic year);
2) 260 × 9 = 2340 days ÷ 86 month = 27.2093 days (draconic month).
Secondly, in my opinion, this was due to the determination of the size of a short period of time than a month, by our standards – a week. Only it was not just a week in our understanding, these weeks consisting of 5, 7 and 9 days had a close relationship with their surrounding nature and the vast Universe. You can read about it below.
For example: 7 days × 37 amal = 259 days or 9 days × 29 amal = 261 days. They chose the “golden mean,” consisting of 5 days × 52 amal = 260 days. In ancient civilizations, which we have not yet fully (or incorrectly) studied, what role did a very short period of 5, 7, and 9 days play?
The deep meaning of the "amal" of nomads (5, 7 and 9 days)
has not yet been disclosed
The modern scientific definition of a seven-day week: “A week [24] is a time unit [25] equal to seven days. It is the standard time period used for cycles of rest days in most parts of the world, mostly alongside – although not strictly part of – the Gregorian calendar.” This is a completely wrong definition.
In fact, the 5, 7 or 9-day “amal” was a kind of “micro-cosmos” of ancient people, with the help of which they felt the slightest changes in the vast Universe (time and space). The stubborn and uncompromising European science cannot yet understand these "subtleties" of the past. Therefore, I write in Academia.edu all these "ancient knowledge" in small doses so that they do not get poisoned by eating everything at once without looking back. If modern science at the beginning of everything would have studied these subtleties of antiquity, it would have been easier for them to understand how this enormous Universe is arranged.
In ancient times, people did not plan the time immediately for the year ahead, in the amount of 365 days, as we are doing now. To feel the harmony and aroma of earthly nature and the Universe, they lived according to the seasons of the year (spring, summer, autumn, winter) in the amount of 91 days, divided into 5, 7 and 9 days, I called “amal” (the name is taken from the calendar term of nomads). “Amal” in the calendars of Mesoamerica consisted of 5 (260 days) and 7 days (364 days), in the Qumran calendar, “amal” consisted of 7 days (7 days × 13 amal = 91 days × 4 seasons of the year = 364 days). Amal consisting of 5 and 7 days was well suited for residents of Central America and the Middle East, where the climate is relatively hot. The nomads of Turkestan (Central Asia) and the inhabitants of all Eurasia, where the continental climate reigns, used a 9-day “amal”:
9 days × 10 amal = 90 + 1 day × 4 seasons = 364 days.
We very much upset the balance in the Universe, when we did not fully study the Earth, the sea and the oceans, immediately rushed into space and other planets. The universe has its own laws that must not be violated. Ancient people and civilizations of the past knew these laws well and did not violate them. But they did not disappear from the face of the Earth not because of this humble blind obedience, their time simply passed and they made way for a more advanced civilization.
The moral code for humanity from these spoken words by me is as follows: If Adam and Eve, [26] having believed in the words of the Serpents (Satan), would not have eaten the “forbidden fruit” (apple), we would all live in  the Garden of Eden (Paradise). In a word, we again want to go to Paradise (space) in a direct and stubborn way, but no one is waiting for us there or they don’t want to accept us again. As a result, the COVID-19 pandemic and other disasters devour us on Earth. Maybe before it's too late, cost us to go back to where it all started?
Table 1. "The beginning of all things": 
Calendar Names
Days in the year
Sign
Day number year
Sign
Total day
Sign
Day number year
Sign
Days in
year
1
Urker esebi (nomads)
273
×
4
=
1092
÷
3
=
364
2
Mesoamerica – Maya
260
×
7
=
1820
÷
5
=
364
3
Zhuldyz esebi (nomads)
280
×
13
=
3640
÷
10
=
364
4
Mesoamerica – Maya
272
×
91
=
24752
÷
68
=
364
5
Ancient Rome
304
×
91
=
27664
÷
76
=
364
6
No analogues
274
×
182
=
49868
÷
137
=
364
7
No analogues
275
×
364
=
100100
÷
275
=
364
8
Qumran calendar
295
×
364
=
107380
÷
295
=
364
9
European version
260
×
73
=
18980
÷
52
=
365
10
No analogues
275
×
73
=
20075
÷
55
=
365
11
No analogues
295
×
73
=
21535
÷
59
=
365
 
Note: In ancient times, astronomers, priests, time counters ("Esepshi" from Turkestan) and other people who studied time did not determine the daily size of the months of the moon, sun and stars meticulously in a fraction of seconds, as is now done. They acted very reasonably and logically: for any calculation they used approximately the first three digits of the studied lunar month.
For example: they converted a 27,212-day draconic month into a 272-day short year or a 27,322-day sidereal month into a 273-day short year, because they knew for sure that there could be nothing permanent in this world. Then these short years were combined together with a 364-day year with 91-day quarters. That's all the ancient wisdom over which we break our heads and brains.
What is special about these nomad calendars?
The typical narrow eyes of some nomads (the Mongoloid race) had excellent innate vision, which can even be compared with the primitive telescope (30x magnification) used in 1609 by Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). [27] One of such vivid examples is given in the book of Tsybulsky V.V .:
Since ancient times, in the countries of East and Southeast Asia, during the preparation of calendars, great importance has been attached to the periodicity of the movement of the Sun, Moon, Jupiter and Saturn. This primarily applies to the nomads of Central Asia and is largely explained by their lifestyle. Each nomad family had its own yurt, whose dome remained open during the warmer part of the year, and the poles of the dome served as a guide for observing stars and planets. Thus, each yurt was a kind of family “planetarium”, thanks to which observations of the movement of celestial bodies were accumulated and transmitted from generation to generation. As scientists have repeatedly noted, nomads had excellent congenital vision. The famous Russian navigator and traveler in the north of Siberia, one of the founders of the Russian Geographical Society Ferdinand Petrovich Wrangel (1796-1870) noted this quality among the Yakuts: “One middle-aged Yakut assured the head of the Ust-Yan expedition, Lieutenant Anjou, that he happened to see one big bluish star (Jupiter) swallow the other smaller stars and spit out afterwards. Thus, this Siberian with simple eyes could observe the eclipse of the moons of Jupiter.” [28]
Now imagine such a terrible picture, from a premonition of which you feel uneasy. Usually nomads possessing such excellent congenital vision were archers. For example, you and I, with a distance of 100-200 meters, see only the silhouette of a person. And these nomads-archers from such a distance see the frightened eyes of their enemy, see how his hands tremble with fear and the most vulnerable spot (in the area of the heart, liver) in his armor. And the next moment, his hard arrow pierces deep into the throat of the enemy and he is dead.
They loved freedom and respected the strength of their arms and bodies. They spoke the truth in the eye even to their ruler or khan.
Nomads would not be nomads if they did not directly say in your face: “Gentlemen, world-famous scientists, why do we need to look for time in the Universe, when it is necessary here on Earth.” Because the life and death of nomads depended on the proper maintenance of a calendar, which is firmly based on the correct calculation of the day, month and seasons of the year smoothly in harmony with nature. 
Let the ashes of the great Roman commander Julius Caesar and Pope Gregory XIII not be offended, but my father Aliceit, a nomad from bone to brain, rejected the Julian and Gregorian calendars for the rest of his life. He said that these calendars have no souls, they are monotonous and therefore dead. According to my father, it turns out that a real calendar should be alive, a fresh wind of change should always blow from it, and people should be infinitely charged with energy from this calendar. When he said these words from case to case, his green eyes burned with overstrain, even sparks flew. At such moments, I sometimes thought that he was a little crazy ...
Time did not spare anyone, neither father, nor me, he died, I am aging, because His Majesty Time is completely subordinated only to the will of God (in my opinion, the whole Universe without borders is God). Sooner or later, it will affect everyone, from infants to old people, from tramps to rulers. It turns out that my father was right, he argued that in ancient times there were different calendars, similar to the calendars of nomads. For this reason, I indirectly studied many other calendars of the world. In the end, I found out that he was right, one pity, he did not live to this day and did not see these calendars.
In the nomad’s calendars there are no clear and precisely established seasons of the year (spring, summer, autumn, winter), for example, even formally, as in the current solar calendar. When the whole Universe and nature in the Earth are always in constant motion, it seems absurd to establish a point of spring and fall, summer and winter. According to the concepts of the ancient nomads, the seasons of the year do not obey us and our desires, but the law of heaven and the universe. These boundaries of the seasons (spring, summer, autumn, winter) are slowly changing their place in the sky. For example, during ancient Rome, these dates were set as follows.
Marcus Terentius Varro, excerpt from his book "on Agriculture": 44 days (before the Pleiades heliacal rising) + 48 days (before the summer solstice) + 27 days (before the rise of the Dog Star [Sirius]) + 67 days (until the autumn equinox) + 32 days (before the establishment of the Pleiades in the sky) + 57 days (before the winter solstice) + 45 days (before the rising west wind) + 45 days (before the spring equinox) = (total) 365 days a year. [29]
The decoding of the ancient Roman agricultural calendar belongs to the author of this article (© K.A.K.): [30]
1st period (spring): from February 7 to March 22 – 44 (1-44) days;
2nd period (spring): from March 23 to May 9 – 48 (45-92) days;
3rd period (summer): from May 10 to June 5 – 27 (93-119) days;
4th period (summer): from June 6 to August 11 – 67 (120-186) days;
5th period (autumn): from August 12 to September 12 – 32 (187-218) days;
6th period (autumn): from September 13 to November 8 – 57 (219-275) days;
7th period (winter): from November 9 to December 23 – 45 (276-320) days;
8th period (winter): from December 24 to February 6 – 45 (321-365) days.
This is a typical stellar calendar, it should not be confused with the solar calendar, which we use now. About this unique calendar of ancient Rome is not written anywhere, although it has been in a prominent place for more than 2000 years. Its uniqueness is that it is directly related to the stars in the Universe and is its reflection on Earth. This is one of the types of “living calendar” that my father predicted, and he really charges people with the energy of the universe.
Although more than 2000 years have passed since then, not only in Italy (the current heir of Ancient Rome), but in many European countries, this climate change is still in effect. Because, compared with the solar calendar, an event in the stellar calendar changes very slowly. 
Nomads also had a similar stellar calendar "Zhuldyz esebi" (literally translated as "Stellar Calendar"). This calendar had 13 months containing 28 days each. This stellar nomad calendar was convenient and practical, compared to the calendar described above by the ancient Roman encyclopedist Marcus Terentius Varro. About 3000-2000 years ago, nomads divided the zodiac constellation into 13 groups, and the superstitious ancient Romans, who were afraid of the numbers 13, divided the zodiac constellation into 8 groups.
Therefore, nomadic asterism (Greek ἀστήρ, "the star") [31] and catasterism (Greek Καταστερισμοί Katasterismoi, "placings among the stars") [32] is very different from European analogues and modern standardization of the constellation border. For example, the name of the nomad constellation (asterism) “Bosaga” (literally translated as “bicuspid door jamb of a yurt [kiiz ui]”) corresponds to α Castor β Pollux (Gemini) [33] and α Capella β Menkalinan (Aurigae) [34]. Another name for the nomad constellation is called “Taisandyk” (literally translated as “Big Chest”) corresponds to α Markab, β Scheat, γ Algenib (Pegasus) [35] and α Alpheratz (Andromeda) [36]. Nomads called the star cluster Pleiades (Urker – Frightened) [37] and Hyades (Shashyrauyk – Scattered) [38] with the corresponding historical name. As for catasterism, it can be said that the nomads completely ignored the name Leo [39] and called it “Kambar star”. "Kambar" is the name of the protagonist of the Kazakh epic, but according to the heavenly description of the nomads, this constellation looks like a Centaur (a horse with a human body) etc.
The advantage of 28 days in months was that such a stellar calendar corresponded more harmoniously with the Lunar-stellar calendar “Togys esebi” of the peoples of Eurasia, [40] which had 27 incomplete and 28 full days in the months. In turn, such months of 27 and 28 days were based on the lunar-sidereal (stellar) month. To understand the essence of the topic, at first it will be useful for us to read the scientific definition of modern astronomical science, regarding sidereal month:
“Sidereal month: The period of the Moon's orbit as defined with respect to the celestial sphere of apparently fixed stars (the International Celestial Reference Frame [ICRF]) is known as a sidereal month because it is the time it takes the Moon to return to a similar position among the stars (Latin: sidera): 27.321661 days (27 d 7 h 43 min 11.6 s). This type of month has been observed among cultures in the Middle East, India, and China in the following way: they divided the sky into 27 or 28 lunar mansions, one for each day of the month, identified by the prominent star(s) in them.” [41]
The sidereal month is defined as the Moon's orbital period in a non-rotating frame of reference (which on average is equal to its rotation period in the same frame). It is about 27.32166 days (27 days, 7 hours, 43 minutes, 11.6 seconds). It is closely equal to the time it takes the Moon to pass twice a "fixed" star (different stars give different results because all have a very small proper motion and are not really fixed in position).” [42]
All these scientific descriptions look very “foggy” and there is nothing definite to understand something useful for modern people. In other words, modern astronomical science does not know and cannot explain how in ancient times the nomads of Turkestan, Mayans, Aztecs, Incas, Chibcha-Muiska, Sumerians, Indians, Chinese, Arabs and other peoples used the “sidereal month” in their lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendars. However, it should be noted especially that this is indeed a very difficult and confusing topic, the penetration of which cost the author of this article a whole conscious life.
Before that, I twice [40] [43] tried to explain the essence and structure of the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi”, but I see that many readers and scientists still cannot understand what kind of calendar it is. Today I’ll try for the third time to clearly explain what a lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar or the fourth type calendar of planet Earth is, using the ancient astronomical methods of the nomads of Turkestan. Modern representatives of other ancient peoples(residents of Central America, Indians, Chinese, Arabs and others), whose ancestors used this kind of calendar, unfortunately could not remember or completely forgot the ancient knowledge of their ancestors.
To create such a unique calendar, the ancient nomads of Turkestan spent thousands and thousands of years paving the way through the thorns to the stars. Their descendants worthily appreciated this work of their ancestors and therefore this kind of calendar did not disappear from the face of the earth like other similar calendars. Nomad Kazakhs died millions in difficult historical times (the devastating raids of many external enemies, collectivization during the USSR), but they never forgot the ancient knowledge of their ancestors. Today it is time to show the world that they have kept all this time, sacrificing the most dear and not even sparing their lives.  
Once again about the essence and structure of the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi”
Many of us are well aware of the nature and structure of the lunisolar calendars, however will not be superfluous, it will even be useful to recall the lunar-solar calendar again:
LUNISOLAR CALENDAR
A lunisolar calendar is a calendar in many cultures whose date indicates both the Moon phase and the time of the solar year. If the solar year is defined as a tropical year, then a lunisolar calendar will give an indication of the season; if it is taken as a sidereal year, then the calendar will predict the constellation near which the full moon may occur. As with all calendars which divide the year into months there is an additional requirement that the year have a whole number of months. In this case ordinary years consist of twelve months but every second or third year is an embolismic year, which adds a thirteenth intercalary, embolismic, or leap month.
Their months are based on the regular cycle of the Moon's phases. So lunisolar calendars are lunar calendars with – in contrast to them – additional intercalation rules being used to bring them into a rough agreement with the solar year and thus with the seasons. The main other type of calendar is a solar calendar.
Examples: The Hebrew, Jainism, Buddhist, Hindu and Kurdish as well as the traditional Burmese, Chinese, Japanese, Tibetan, Vietnamese, Mongolian and Korean calendars (in the east Asian cultural sphere), plus the ancient Hellenic, Coligny (Gaulish), and Babylonian calendars are all lunisolar. Also, some of the ancient pre-Islamic calendars in south Arabia followed a lunisolar system. The Chinese, Coligny (Gaulish) and Hebrew lunisolar calendars track more or less the tropical year whereas the Buddhist and Hindu lunisolar calendars track the sidereal year. Therefore, the first three give an idea of the seasons whereas the last two give an idea of the position among the constellations of the full moon. The Tibetan calendar was influenced by both the Chinese and Buddhist calendars. The Germanic peoples also used a lunisolar calendar before their conversion to Christianity.
The Islamic calendar is lunar, but not a lunisolar calendar because its date is not related to the Sun. The civil versions of the Julian and Gregorian calendars are solar, because their dates do not indicate the Moon phase – however, both the Gregorian and Julian calendars include undated lunar calendars that allow them to calculate the Christian celebration of Easter, so both are lunisolar calendars in that respect”. [44]
In my last article [7] I compiled 8 intercalation tables for the lunar, solar and stellar calendar. Of these, two tables (Tables 2 and 3) are directly related to today's article. A detailed intercalation of the 19-year cycle and a possible 423-year cycle of the lunisolar calendar are given in Table 2.
 
Explanation of the numbers located on the vertical 1-11 columns of table 2
1. The numbers from 1-19 to 20-38 in the separated 2 columns indicate ordinal numbers indicating years from 1-19 to 20-38 years;
2. The numbers 29 in the divided 2 columns means 29 incomplete days of the lunar-synodic month in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
3. The numbers from 5 to 7 in the divided 2 columns indicate the number of 29 incomplete days of the lunar-synodic month in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
4. The numbers 30 in the divided 2 columns means 30 full days of the lunar-synodic month in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
5. The numbers from 6 to 7 in the divided 2 columns indicate the number of 30 full days of the lunar-synodic month in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
6. The numbers from 354, 355 and 383, 384 in the divided 2 columns indicate the number of 354, 355 day simple lunar-synodic years and 383, 384 day leap lunar-synodic years in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
7. The numbers from 354 to 6940 and from 147919 to 154504 in the divided 2 columns mean the total number of days with an increase in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
8. The numbers from 12 to 235 and from 5009 to 5232 in the divided 2 columns indicate the total number of lunar-synodic months with an increase in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
9. The numbers from 29.5 to 29.53191 and from 29,53064 to 29,53058 in the divided 2 columns indicate the average astronomical value of the lunar-synodic month in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
10. The numbers from 1 to 19 and from 405 to 423 in the divided 2 columns indicate the total number of stellar years with an increase in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days);
11. The numbers from 354 to 365.26316 and 365.2321 to 365.25768 in the divided 2 columns indicate the average astronomical value of the stellar year in the corresponding year of the lunisolar calendar, where the months are always equal to 12 and 13 months (Chinese, Jewish calendar, consists of 29 incomplete and 30 full days).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Explanation of the numbers located on the vertical 12-21 columns of table 3
12. The numbers 27 in the divided 2 columns means 27 incomplete days of the lunar-sidereal month in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
13. The numbers from 8 to 10 in the divided 2 columns indicate the number of 27 incomplete days of the lunar-sidereal month in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
14. The numbers 28 in the divided 2 columns means 28 full days of the lunar-sidereal month in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
15. The numbers from 4 to 5 in the divided 2 columns indicate the number of 28 full days of the lunar-sidereal month in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
16. The numbers from 355, 356 and 382, 383 in the divided 2 columns indicate the number of 355, 356 day simple lunar-sidereal years and 383, 384 day leap lunar-sidereal years in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
17. The numbers from 355 to 6940 and from 147919 to 154504 in the divided 2 columns mean the total number of days with an increase in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
18. The numbers from 13 to 254 and from 5414 to 5655 in the divided 2 columns indicate the total number of lunar-sidereal months with an increase in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
19. The numbers from 27,3076923 to 27,3228346 and from 27,3215737 to 27,3216622 in the divided 2 columns indicate the average astronomical value of the lunar-sidereal month in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
20. The numbers from 1 to 19 and from 405 to 423 in the divided 2 columns indicate the total number of stellar years with an increase in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days);
21. The numbers from 355 to 365,263158 and 365,232099 to 365.25768 in the divided 2 columns indicate the average astronomical value of the stellar year in the corresponding year of the lunar-stellar calendar, where the months are always equal to 13 and 14 months (“Togys esebi” calendar, consists of 27 incomplete and 28 full days).
 
Table 2
 
Table 3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
 
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
 
 
 
1
29
6
30
6
354
354
12
29,5
1
354
 
27
9
28
4
355
355
13
27,30769
1
355
2
29
6
30
7
384
738
25
29,52
2
369
 
27
9
28
5
383
738
27
27,3333
2
369
3
29
5
30
7
355
1093
37
29,54054
3
364,3333
 
27
9
28
4
355
1093
40
27,325
3
364,3333
4
29
6
30
6
354
1447
49
29,53061
4
361,75
 
27
9
28
4
355
1448
53
27,32075
4
362
5
29
6
30
7
384
1831
62
29,5323
5
366,2
 
27
9
28
5
383
1831
67
27,3284
5
366,2
6
29
5
30
7
355
2185
74
29,52703
6
364,1667
 
27
9
28
4
355
2186
80
27,325
6
364,3333
7
29
7
30
6
383
2569
87
29,5287
7
367
 
27
10
28
4
382
2568
94
27,3191
7
366,857
8
29
5
30
7
355
2924
99
29,53535
8
365,5
 
27
9
28
4
355
2923
107
27,31776
8
365,375
9
29
6
30
6
354
3278
111
29,53153
9
364,2222
 
27
8
28
5
356
3279
120
27,325
9
364,3333
10
29
6
30
7
384
3662
124
29,5323
10
366,2
 
27
10
28
4
382
3661
134
27,3209
10
366,1
11
29
6
30
6
354
4016
136
29,52941
11
365,0909
 
27
9
28
4
355
4016
147
27,31973
11
365,0909
12
29
5
30
7
355
4371
148
29,53378
12
364,25
 
27
9
28
4
355
4371
160
27,31875
12
364,25
13
29
6
30
7
384
4754
161
29,528
13
365,692
 
27
9
28
5
383
4754
174
27,3218
13
365,692
14
29
6
30
6
354
5109
173
29,53179
14
364,9286
 
27
9
28
4
355
5109
187
27,32086
14
364,9286
15
29
6
30
7
384
5493
186
29,5323
15
366,2
 
27
9
28
5
383
5492
201
27,3234
15
366,133
16
29
6
30
6
354
5847
198
29,5303
16
365,4375
 
27
9
28
4
355
5847
214
27,32243
16
365,4375
17
29
5
30
7
355
6201
210
29,52857
17
364,7647
 
27
9
28
4
355
6202
227
27,32159
17
364,8235
18
29
6
30
7
384
6585
223
29,5292
18
365,833
 
27
9
28
5
383
6585
241
27,3237
18
365,833
19
29
6
30
6
354
6940
235
29,53191
19
365,2632
 
27
9
28
4
355
6940
254
27,32283
19
365,2632
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20
29
5
30
7
355
147919
5009
29,53064
405
365,2321
 
27
9
28
4
355
147919
5414
27,32157
405
365,2321
21
29
6
30
7
384
148303
5022
29,5307
406
365,278
 
27
9
28
5
383
148302
5428
27,3217
406
365,276
22
29
6
30
6
354
148657
5034
29,53059
407
365,2506
 
27
9
28
4
355
148657
5441
27,32163
407
365,2506
23
29
6
30
6
354
149011
5046
29,53052
408
365,223
 
27
9
28
4
355
149012
5454
27,3216
408
365,2255
24
29
6
30
7
384
149395
5059
29,5305
409
365,269
 
27
9
28
5
383
149395
5468
27,3217
409
365,269
25
29
5
30
7
355
149750
5071
29,53066
410
365,2439
 
27
9
28
4
355
149750
5481
27,32166
410
365,2439
26
29
7
30
6
383
150133
5084
29,5305
411
365,287
 
27
9
28
5
383
150133
5495
27,3217
411
365,287
27
29
5
30
7
355
150488
5096
29,53061
412
365,2621
 
27
9
28
4
355
150488
5508
27,32171
412
365,2621
28
29
6
30
6
354
150842
5108
29,53054
413
365,2349
 
27
9
28
4
355
150843
5521
27,32168
413
365,2373
29
29
6
30
7
384
151226
5121
29,5306
414
365,28
 
27
10
28
4
382
151225
5535
27,3216
414
365,278
30
29
6
30
6
354
151580
5133
29,53049
415
365,253
 
27
8
28
5
356
151581
5548
27,32174
415
365,2554
31
29
5
30
7
355
151935
5145
29,53061
416
365,2284
 
27
9
28
4
355
151936
5561
27,3217
416
365,2308
32
29
6
30
7
384
152319
5158
29,5306
417
365,273
 
27
10
28
4
382
152318
5575
27,3216
417
365,271
33
29
6
30
6
354
152673
5170
29,53056
418
365,2464
 
27
9
28
4
355
152673
5588
27,32158
418
365,2464
34
29
6
30
7
384
153057
5183
29,5306
419
365,291
 
27
9
28
5
383
153056
5602
27,3217
419
365,289
35
29
6
30
6
354
153411
5195
29,53051
420
365,2643
 
27
9
28
4
355
153411
5615
27,32164
420
365,2643
36
29
5
30
7
355
153766
5207
29,53063
421
365,2399
 
27
9
28
4
355
153766
5628
27,32161
421
365,2399
37
29
6
30
7
384
154150
5220
29,5307
422
365,284
 
27
9
28
5
383
154149
5642
27,3217
422
365,282
38
29
6
30
6
354
154504
5232
29,53058
423
365,2577
 
27
9
28
4
355
154504
5655
27,32166
423
365,2577
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29×110+30×125=3190+3750=6940
 
27×172+28×82=4644+2296=6940
29×220+30×250=6380+7500=13880
 
27×344+28×164=9288+4592=13880
 
 
The modern scientific description of the lunisolar calendar [44] and Table 2 and 3 below are mutually complementary and explaining the essence and structure of the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi” is becoming easier.
The lunisolar calendar and the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi” are very similar in structure to each other, only their essence is different. Both calendars have the same intercalation, for example, 7 embolismic years in a 19-year cycle and the total number of days consisting of 6939 and 6940 days.
The only difference is that the lunisolar calendar usually uses 12 and 13 months consisting of 354-355 and 383-384 days, and the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi” uses 13 and 14 months consisting of 355-356 and 382-383 days. [43] This shows and even proves that they all this time (from antiquity to today) existed as a "parallel world" in planet Earth.
Then begins the very interesting, but understandable from the point of view of astronomy difference between the two calendars. Since the lunisolar calendar is oriented towards the visible movement of the sun, which appears in the near-Earth sphere, the beginning of the year in it can start from the end of winter (January-February) as in the Chinese lunisolar calendar or from the middle of the fall (September-October) as in the Jewish lunisolar calendar. This free choice of definition of the beginning of the year is facilitated by the lunar-synodic period of the Moon around the Earth and the movement together (Moon-Earth) around the Sun.
To understand why this happens to the Moon and the Earth, it will be useful to read the scientific definition of modern astronomical science regarding the synodic month: “A synodic month is the most familiar lunar cycle, defined as the time interval between two consecutive occurrences of a particular phase (such as new moon or full moon) as seen by an observer on Earth. The mean length of the synodic month is 29.53059 days (29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, 2.8 seconds). Due to the eccentricity of the lunar orbit around Earth (and to a lesser degree, the Earth's elliptical orbit around the Sun), the length of a synodic month can vary by up to seven hours.” [42]
In other words, for 2000 years, people on Earth have determined the beginning of each new lunar month by signs when the moon is not visible in the sky (astronomical new moon), like the Chinese and modern astronomy, or when the moon is visible in the form of a narrow sickle (noumenia, neomenia). The moon in the shape of a narrow sickle was popular not only in ancient times, but even now among the nomads of Turkestan (the name "Zhana Ay", from Kazakh is translated as "New Moon"), [43] as well as among the ancient Greeks (Noumenia), [45] among Jews (Rosh Chodesh) [46] and Arabs (Qamar Jadid). [47] For the information of astronomers, I want to say that the nomads of Turkestan considered the “modern astronomical new moon” the end of each lunar month and called it “Oli Ara” (in Kazakh, this means “dead time interval”). In terms of logic, they seem to be judging correctly ...
In the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi”, in addition to the Moon itself, the Urker (Pleiades) star cluster closely interacts with it. The fact is that modern astronomy knows this phenomenon under the name “occultation” [48] (other names for this phenomenon are “coverings” or “shading”), but does not know how this phenomenon actually happens.
To understand why this happens to the Moon and the Pleiades, it will be useful to read the scientific definition of modern astronomical science regarding occultation, coverage or shading: “An occultation is an event that occurs when one object is hidden by another object that passes between it and the observer. The term is often used in astronomy, but can also refer to any situation in which an object in the foreground blocks from view (occults) an object in the background... If the closer body does not entirely conceal the farther one, the event is called a transit. Both transit and occultation may be referred to generally as occlusion; and if a shadow is cast onto the observer, it is called an eclipse”.
Based on the above three definitions of modern astronomy (sidereal month, synodic month and occultation), for thousands and thousands of years the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi” that we examined worked precisely and without fail.
To explain all this in an accessible language and to combine all these three definitions into one topic, we create such a simple equality:
29,531 days – 27,322 days = 2,209 days.
This means that after each lunar-synodic month, the relative date of each lunar-sidereal month will shift by 2.21 days. But, these “shifts” will not exceed 27-28 days:
1) 364 days ÷ 29.531 days = 12.3260303 synodic month in a year;
2) 364 days ÷ 27.322 days = 13.3225972 sidereal month in a year;
3) 2.21 days × 12 sidereal month = 26.52 days (0-12 month);
4) 2.21 days × 13 sidereal month = 28.73 days (0-13 month).
How this mathematical principle worked:
Stage 1. 27.31 days × 13 sidereal months ≈ 355 days;
Stage 2. 27.31 days × 13 sidereal months ≈ 355 days;
Stage 3. 27.29 days × 14 sidereal months ≈ 382 days;
Total:     364 days × 3 sidereal-stellar year = 1092 days.
Ancient peoples or even civilizations that did not know these equalities and, accordingly, the principle, eventually abandoned this complex project of the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar and switched to lighter and more understandable luno-synodic or lunisolar calendars. As an example, we can cite the ancient Roman republican calendar Numa Pompilius, [49] where the days in years are located in this way:
355 + 355 + 377 + 378 = 1465 ÷ 54 lunar-sidereal month = 27.13 days.
As always, modern researchers of the republican calendar do not see the true purpose of this calendar, correcting the incomprehensible “355 days” to the understandable “354 days” and “365 days”. As a result, they themselves get confused in their research and confuse others. [49]
To be clear to readers, we show this algorithm for shifting the date in the example of the Islamic calendar * [50] of 1441-1442 / 2020-2021, where every month begins when the moon is visible in the form of a narrow sickle (Qamar Jadid):
* “The Islamic calendar (Arabic: at-taqwīm al-hijrīy), also known as the Hijri, Lunar Hijri, Muslim or Arabic calendar, is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days”.
NEW ... YEAR ACCORDING TO THE LUNAR-SIDEREAL [STELLAR] CALENDAR "TOGYS ESEBI"
01 togys aiy / moon phase – 2.1 days / 2020 April 25      
1441 Ramaḍān 1 / 2020 April 24
25 togys aiy / moon phase – 29.3 days / 2020 May 22
1441 Shawwāl 1 / 2020 May 24
23 togys aiy / moon phase – 27.0 days / 2020 June 19
1441 Zū al-Qaʿdah 1 / 2020 June 22
21 togys aiy / moon phase – 24.8 days / 2020 July 16
1441 Zū al-Ḥijjah 1 / 2020 July 22
19 togys aiy / moon phase – 22.7 days / 2020 August 12
1442 al-Muḥarram 1 / 2020 August 20
17 togys aiy / moon phase – 20.7 days / 2020 September 8
1442 Ṣafar 1 / 2020 September 19
15 togys aiy / moon phase – 18.6 days / 2020 October 5
1442 Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal, Rabīʿ al-ʾŪlā 1 / 2020 October 18
13 togys aiy / moon phase – 16.5 days / 2020 November 2
1442 Rabīʿ ath-Thānī, Rabīʿ al-ʾĀkhir 1 / 2020 November 17
11 togys aiy / moon phase – 14.4 days / 2020 November 29
1442 Jumādā al-ʾAwwal, Jumadā al-ʾŪlā 1 / 2020 December 16
09 togys aiy / moon phase – 12.2 days / 2020 December 27
1442 Jumādā ath-Thāniyah, Jumādā al-ʾĀkhirah 1 / 2021 January 15
07 togys aiy / moon phase – 10.0 days / 2021 January 23
1442 Rajab 1 / 2021 February 13
05 togys aiy / moon phase – 7.8 days / 2021 February 19
1442 Shaʿbān 1 / 2021 March 15
03 togys aiy / moon phase – 5.5 days / 2021 March 19
1442 Ramaḍān 1 / 2021 April 13
 
NEW ... YEAR ACCORDING TO THE LUNAR-SIDEREAL [STELLAR] CALENDAR "TOGYS ESEBI"
01 togys aiy / moon phase – 3.1 days / 2021 April 15
1442 Shawwāl 1 / 2021 May 13
27 togys aiy / moon phase – 0.6 days / 2021 May 13
1442 Zū al-Qaʿdah 1 / 2021 June 11
25 togys aiy / moon phase – 27.9 days / 2021 June 9
1442 Zū al-Ḥijjah 1 / 2021 July 11
1. As we see from this algorithm for shifting the date, only in spring (at the present stage – in the second half of April and early May) and only once Urker (Pleiades) is covered by the Moon in the form of a narrow sickle. Therefore, the nomads of Turkestan defined “Zhana Ai” (new moon) as the beginning of each year according to the lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi”.
2. Every 6-7 days after the beginning of each sidereal month, the Moon covers the constellation Kambar (Leo). These days (especially in spring, autumn and winter), not only in Kazakhstan, but throughout Eurasia, the weather will definitely worsen. This phenomenon of the Earth’s nature associated with the Universe, which has not yet been studied by modern science, is called among the Kazakhs “Ai men Kambardyn togysy” (coverings of the Kambar (Leo) by the Moon).
3. Someone on Earth may object, if we go beyond the months of 28-29 and 30-31 days, we’ll fly all to hell. Today's achievements of science and high technologies of our civilization allow us to count the days and months at our discretion, and we will not be severely punished for this, like two thousand years ago, when people counted days on the fingers and toes.
Epilogue
Every time I wrote about the nomadic Turkestan lunar-sidereal [stellar] calendar “Togys esebi”, I set a goal. It is imperative to write a particular article in a scientific style briefly and meaningfully. However, it always becomes impossible to fulfill this requirement set for itself. Why is this so difficult to accomplish?
Today I was once again upset that I had written a lengthy article again. And suddenly such a logical thought struck me. Before me, no one wrote such a detailed article about the nomad calendars. I am the very, very first person to write about this. Naturally, I have a lot of materials on this topic. And another fear is that if I do not write “about this” the topic will be incomprehensible to readers. Thus, each time the volume of the article grows and grows.
I think that it will be easier for an interested person (a nomad or a European) to write after me a short article about this calendar. Because in front of him will be all the revealed material to the smallest detail. He will not rack his brains and will not waste time smoothing out inconsistencies in the details.
Each time you return to the same topic, you will certainly find more and more new details that you did not notice before or considered its influence to be insignificant. And these circumstances will always expand your knowledge on this subject and you will more and more see this topic from a high bird's. When you finally see everything clearly and in close-up and in the smallest details of your topic, you will certainly achieve your goal.
Just do not be content with a goal that has not yet been achieved, you always have to go on and on. And one day you will present short, comprehensive and reliable information to the eyes of your readers.
I always remember the kind words in the letter of my young friend Milo Gardner from Sacramento, California, USA. He wrote the following words in his letter: “Thank you. Love you paper and look forward to your book. Been working on four line of 26 Red + black base 13 numbers per line for 7 years. Any specific points on this under appreciated Seasonal Almanac ... especially lines 2 and 3 ?. Best Regards Milo Gardner, October 2018. ”
Milo Gardner definitely said correctly, we all need to love paper, then he also begins to love you and give joys, which are sometimes lacking in this life.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BIBLIOGRAPHY-REFERENCES
1. The population of China and Kazakhstan (1950-2020): https://www.worldometers.info/world-population
2. Chongqing: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chongqing
3. Shanghai: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai
4. Beijing: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing
5. Mesoamerican Long Count calendar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerican_Long_Count_calendar
6. Intercalation (timekeeping): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intercalation_(timekeeping)
7. The 19-year cycle is the tip of the iceberg, below is the great mystery of the universe:
https://www.academia.edu/43139285/The_19-year_cycle_is_the_tip_of_the_iceberg_below_is_the_great_mystery_of_the_universe
8. Maya calendar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_calendar
9. Kazakh National Calendar (full text):
https://www.academia.edu/37941274/KAZAKH_NATIONAL_CALENDAR_full_text_
10. The Lunar-stellar Calendar "Togys esebi" of the Peoples of Eurasia:
https://www.academia.edu/40526358/The_Lunar-stellar_Calendar_Togys_esebi_of_the_Peoples_of_Eurasia
11. Roman calendar (Legendary 10 month calendar): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_calendar
12. Essenes: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essenes
13. Qumran calendrical texts: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qumran_calendrical_texts
14. Maya codices: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_codices
15. Mesoamerican calendar tracked cycles of 260 days and 365 days: https://www.coursehero.com/file/p5n0t/mesoamerican-calendar-tracked-cycles-of-260-days-and-365-days-The-260-day/
16. New look at the modern codification of the mayan calendar (full text): https://www.academia.edu/37620443/NEW_LOOK_AT_THE_MODERN_CODIFICATION_OF_THE_MAYAN_CALENDAR_full_text_
17. Grofe, Michael John 2007 The Serpent Series: Precession in the Maya Dresden Codex page 55 p. 206
18. Maya Hieroglyphic Writing 1961 pp. 212–217
19. Decipherment of Maya Script , David Kelley 1973 pp. 56–57
20. Star Gods of the Maya Susan Milbrath 1999, University of Texas Press
21. "Lloyd B. Anderson The Mayan 819-day Count and the "Y" Glyph: A Probable association with Jupiter". Traditional High Cultures Home Page. Archived from the original on May 6, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
22. Maya calendar / 819-day count: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_calendar
23. Orbital period: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbital_period
24. Week: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Week
25. Unit of time: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_of_time
26. Adam and Eve: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_and_Eve
27. Galilean telescope: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refracting_telescope#Galilean_telescope
28. Tsybulsky V.V., Lunar-solar calendar of East Asia with translation to the dates of the European calendar (from 1 to 2019 CE): [Tables] / USSR Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oriental Studies. – M.: Nauka, 1988. – 382 p.
29. Marcus Terentius Varro., on Agriculture., Book I (from the 27th paragraph to the 37th paragraph)., This webpage reproduces a Book of De Re Rustica by Varro published in the Loeb Classical Library, 1934., The text is in the public domain:
http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Varro/de_Re_Rustica/1*.html
30. The famous but unknown to us "Stellar Calendar": https://www.academia.edu/41786231/The_famous_but_unknown_to_us_Stellar_Calendar_
31. Asterism: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asterism_(astronomy)
32. Catasterismi: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catasterismi
33. Auriga (constellation): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auriga_(constellation)
34. Gemini (constellation): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_(constellation)
35. Pegasus (constellation): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pegasus_(constellation)
36. Andromeda (constellation): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andromeda_(constellation)
37. Urker (Frightened): Pleiades (star cluster): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleiades
38. Shashyrauyk (Scattered): Hyades (star cluster): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyades_(star_cluster)
39. Leo (constellation): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_(constellation)
40. The Lunar-stellar Calendar "Togys esebi" of the Peoples of Eurasia:
https://www.academia.edu/40526358/The_Lunar-stellar_Calendar_Togys_esebi_of_the_Peoples_of_Eurasia
41. Sidereal month: http://en.wikibedia.ru/wiki/Sidereal_month
42. Month or types of months in astronomy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Month
43. Kazakh National Calendar (Full Text): https://www.academia.edu/37941274/KAZAKH_NATIONAL_CALENDAR_full_text_
44. Lunisolar calendar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunisolar_calendar
45. Noumenia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noumenia
46. Rosh Chodesh: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosh_Chodesh
47. What does قمر جديد (qamar jadid) mean in Arabic? https://www.wordhippo.com/what-is/the-meaning-of/arabic-word-1c5dc720adc633f5df634aee08f96b44910b3775.html
48. Occultation (coverings): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occultation
49. Roman calendar (Republican calendar): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_calendar
50. Islamic calendar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendar


25.06.2020, 17:49, "Litmus UCC Zone" <[hidden email]>:
This email originated from outside ECU.

4/4/13521 UCC


Dear Karl, Walter and Calendar People


Me neither, it looks the same on both my phone and laptop browser


Litmus

-----------------------
Litmus A Freeman
Creator of 'The Free Man Calendar' - the Universal Celestial Calendar (UCC)
www.freemancalendar.com
www.universalcelestialcalendar.com
On 6/25/20 10:00 AM, [hidden email] wrote:
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Walter and Calendar People


I do not notice any changes in the Calendar Wikia.


Karl


Thursday Delta June 2020


------ Original Message ------ From: "Walter J Ziobro" [hidden email] To: [hidden email] Sent: Tuesday, 23 Jun, 2020 At 04:56 Subject: Calendar Wikia
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Cal List

The appearance of the Calendar Wikia has greatly changed, and not for the better IMO What's going on?

Walter Ziobro



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Netiquette Re: Calendar Wikia

k.palmen@btinternet.com
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Kaldarhan and Calendar People


Kaldarhan, please do not reply to an e-mail with a new topic without changing the subject to indicate the new topic. A correct subject makes an e-mail easy to find.


Karl


Friday Delta June 2020



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13521.04.21 - UCC 'Peacock's Tail' Calendar - Calendar Wikia

Litmus A Freeman
In reply to this post by k.palmen@btinternet.com
This email originated from outside ECU.

21 Cancer♋ 13521 UCC


Dear Fellow Calendar Nerds! :)


A New Freeman UCC Calendar


I have today published an alternative version of my Universal Celestial Calendar, which I call 'The Peacock's Tail (UCC) Calendar and created earlier this year.


I have just created a simple Wiki page on the Calendar Wiki site and added a link to this on the Freeman Calendar page at:


https://freemancalendar.com


The aim of this version is to further improve the calendar's ecliptic longitude accuracy following much interesting discussion about this among the members of this list during the last year.


I trust you find it of interest and of course welcome any feedback as always


Peace, love and freedom


Litmus

-----------------------
Litmus A Freeman
Creator of 'The Free Man Calendar' - the Universal Celestial Calendar (UCC)
www.freemancalendar.com
www.universalcelestialcalendar.com
On 6/25/20 10:00 AM, [hidden email] wrote:
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Walter and Calendar People


I do not notice any changes in the Calendar Wikia.


Karl


Thursday Delta June 2020


------ Original Message ------ From: "Walter J Ziobro" [hidden email] To: [hidden email] Sent: Tuesday, 23 Jun, 2020 At 04:56 Subject: Calendar Wikia
This email originated from outside ECU.

Dear Cal List

The appearance of the Calendar Wikia has greatly changed, and not for the better IMO What's going on?

Walter Ziobro